CONTAINER SHIP TYPES AND CATEGORIES

CONTAINER SHIP TYPES AND CATEGORIES

Container ships are an important part of the cargo ships that are widely used in international transportation. These vessels are designed to carry containers or used for subsequent modifications.

Unlike other vessels, they are separated and classified by TEU capacities according to the number of 20ft containers they can carry, not their tonnage. However, the defined capacity is the maximum geometric capacity of the ship. That is, all slots suitable for loading on the ship (the name given to each TEU field) are mathematically specified.

The load capacity that the ship can carry actively is also indicated. Container ships have double hulls with large hatches. Containers can be stored on both deck and cargo hold. The containers loaded on the deck are connected to each other by interlocks and are connected with the first three layers of steel fasteners.
 
CONTAINER SHIP TYPES

CLASSIFICATION OF CONTAINER AND SHIPS ACCORDING TO GENERATION

The classification according to the years refers to the periods in which the ships were constructed and produced, rather than the date ranges in which the ships were built.

1st generation container ships: 1956 - 1970, used in the length of 135-200m. carrying capacities max. The ships were around 800 teu and their draft was less than 9m.

2nd generation container ships: Demand for container construction has increased in parallel with the increasing interest in this sector and the demand for the construction of ships serving this purpose has also increased and sizes have been increased. These vessels were built between 1970 and 1980; warehouses full cell guides (container cradle) used, capacity 1000-2500teus, length 215m., drafts 10m. ships.

The 3rd generation container ships: vessels known as "Panamax", built between 1980-1988, with a carrying capacity of 3000-5000teus, length 250- 290m. ranging from 11-12m. are the ships.

4. Generation container ships: "Post Panamax" are the vessels; Constructed between 1988 and 1996, it has the capacity of carrying 4000-6000teus, with a length ranging from 275 - 305m. are the ships.

5th generation container ships: These ships, called "Post Panamax Plus" (above Post Panamax), describe the ships built between 1996 and 2006. Their height is 335m. and above, carrying capacities 5000 - 8000teus, drafts 13 - 15m. The vicinity.

6. Generation container ships: "Very Large" container ships or "Suez max". These vessels are defined as ships built in 2006 and later. Their height is 400m. carrying capacity 9000 - 15000 teus, drafts 16m. The vicinity.

7th generation container ships: These vessels, which can be defined as "Ultra large" or "Malacca max", are considered as future container vessels and their carrying capacity is 18000t. 68m. , drafts of 21m. accounts are made around.

This classification made by years should not be construed as the construction of these ships only between those dates, but should be interpreted as the starting and intensely demanding range.

CONTAINER SHIPS TONAGE MEASUREMENTS

GROSS TONNAGE (GRT) - GROSTON This is the volume measurement calculated by dividing the value of all enclosed volumes of the ship in cubic feet by 100.

NET TONNAGE (NET) - NET TON This is a volume measure calculated by dividing the money-saving volume of the ship by cubic feet.

DEADWEIGHT TONNAGE (DWT) - DEDVEYT TON It is the value of the weight that sinks up to the summer loading line in the sea water with a density of 1,025.
DWT = Load + Fuel (DO, FO, LO) + Water + Storage + Passenger + Crew + Paint + Ballast + Others

DISPLACEMENT TONNAGE (DISP) - DISPLACEMENT TONE The value of water in a given state in tons of floating ships.

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CONTAINER SHIP TYPES AND CATEGORIES
Container ships are an important part of the cargo ships that are widely used in international transportation. These vessels are designed to carry co
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