HOW TO IMPORT GOODS FROM ABROAD -


There are lots off companies,  import many different kind of products from abroad exporter companies. Many famous brands, find producers at different contries which have price advantages regarding the production costs as China, Vietnam, Turkey. In this article we will answer many questions as; How do I import goods, What documents need import, How do I get an import license? Many people who is not familiar international sales also asking What does export and import mean?


Every day, millions of containers reach to different countries with thousands of ships departing from various ports of the world.


In this article we are traying to explain, how to import goods from china or any other abroad contries. How to organize shipment, how to organize importation documents and customs in USA


Each shipment represents a particular supply chain, whether from manufacturers in Thailand, a retail company in Milan, if you want, as shown in the following example - a sportswear product is sent to a supply store in North America from Turkey.


Each supply chain can take different forms according to the specific characteristics of the product group it contains, it may have its own specific transport methods or rules, it may be necessary to transport the goods correctly between various modes of transport.


As the goods leave the factory, safe packagings are separated from the production facility in a locked and sealed manner by loading them in containers and / or pallets in containers. Afterwards, the ships carrying the containers will be transported safely to the shelves of the enterprises to be delivered by crossing the oceans and seas.


Container transport companies are transported by sea by more than 50% of the goods transported to reach importers in different countries around the world every year.


Customs Brooker in US

Every US importer need a customs brooker to finish customs clearence procedures in US customs. Its the best way to agreed with customs brooker when you decided to import goods from any abroad country. Thus you can ask and negotiate many things and also check the draft of import documents with him. This services solved many problem before its happen.


Import Goods From Abroad In Ten Steps


From the moment a commodity is ordered by the importer to the export company and the order has been approved, all processes include till the goods reached to the importer's warehouses are listed below in 10 steps. This is also an exemplary export operation and is an exemplary import operation for international traders. The buyer or seller may examine the steps themselves and examine what they should do at each step.



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Step 1 - One of sportswear brand that sells in USA, orders for a seasonal product, to a textile manufacturer in China. We assume that, their delivery terms is "ex-works", In this way we can easly explain all steps to importing include transporting processes.

The company in America primarily conducts a 20" or 40" container price survey for overseas shipping. Importer company looking for the best price and lead time options anyway the shipping company also should be well known and reliable company. Shipping company could could be shipowner or freight forwarder, its not importent, as a note; sometimes freightforwarder companies have good contracts with shipowners and they could have the best price options. Freight forwarder companies also have an advantage about the local agent services and good customer relationship. At this point, you need to decide on the type of service you want.

Inland transportation

Step 2 - When the textile products are ready for shipment, you have to organize how goods pick up from the exporter's factory and deliver to the port,. Firstly negotiates with a trucking companies for internal transportation to transport the empty container to the factory and then carry the full container back to the port when the loading is completed. 

After the container is loaded at the factory, the container is closed and sealed, and it goes to the bonded area in the port of Guangzhou to be loaded on board. Unless the customs authorities in China or the United States decide to open and inspect the container. The container will not be reopened until it reaches a distribution warehouse in the destination country.

Customs

Step 3 - While customs procedures are carried out by the exporter's customs counselor, the company carries out the necessary transactions in accordance with the customs and transport regulations in the country of exportation and also the country of importation, The carrier company should prepares the bill of lading with detailed information on the carriage and the carried cargo printed. At this stage, according to the US import legislation, a form containing the definition and details of the cargo within the container is prepared and registered to the US customs website via the US agent of the shipping company.

Shipment

Step 4 - With the separation of the ship carrying the container from the port, the journey of the container on the sea starts. There may be intermediate ports between the loading port and the port of discharge according to the expedition route, or transfer ports if there is a transfer operation. The estimated time of arrival was reported to the exporter and the importer at the beginning of the operation.

Arrival to destination port

Step 5 - A few days before the ship arrives at the destination port, the ship's captain shall prepare a report containing information about its crew and its cargo to be presented to the customs directorate at the port of destination and this report shall be forwarded to the customs authorities at the port of destination.

Unloading of cargo at the destination port

Step 6 - The ships that are authorized to berth at the unloading port shall unload the loaded containers at the port. Emptied containers are stacked at a previously determined point in the port.

Overseas documents

Step 7 - Before the ship arrives at the port, the importer must have obtained from the Chinese exporter the documents such as invoice, check list, certificate of origin. He can pick up the bill of lading as he arranges the transport himself. It is important to ensure that all import documents are ready before the cargo reaches the port. The container that is downloaded to the cargo area at the port, creates a storage cost for each day it waits.

Customs clearance

Step 8 - The importer company delivers the import documents to the customs brooker. Customs counselor, by opening the declaration set to the customs of the document set. Customs authorities can check the import documents and, if they deem it necessary, inspect the container for a specific shipment, ie inspect the goods in the container such as counting the goods, weight determination and detailed product control.

Customs and inland transportation

Step 9 - After the procedures in customs have been terminated, ie, the order is taken, customs procedures, document checks have been made and if necessary tax is paid after the declaration is closed. After this stage, the container can be loaded on a truck and removed from the port and the unloading process can be done in the importer's warehouse. The importer may also request container unloading at the port. In this case, the products in the container are transferred to a transport vehicle, such as a truck, and transported to the importer's warehouse.

Importer's warehouses and stores

Step 10 - Products set out from the manufacturing company's factory in China thousands of km. crossing the sea road, to the port in the US and then to the warehouse of the importer sportswear company. The importer company divides the products in their own warehouse and transfers them to the various stores via internal shipping. And as a result of this long journey, the products take their place on the store shelves.

Category note: importexport R5DTX618

Category note: howtoimportgoods--fromabroad

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